Wednesday, October 19, 2011

DNA replication Process

components involved during DNA replication process :

    1. DNA template
    2. Enzymes :
      • Helicase - unwound the two strands of DNA

      • RNA primase - Synthesis the Primer to initiate the replication process and attract RNA nucleotides which bind to the DNA nucleotides of the 3'-5' strand due to the hydrogen bonds between the bases.
      • DNA polymerase - read an intact DNA strand as a template and uses it to synthesize the new strand.

      • Ligase -  joining of Okazaki fragments during replication.

how flowers get their color?

why flowers have wonderful color?

Actually..the color we see in flowers is the result of reflected light from various plant pigments. A group of compounds called "anthocyanidins" are the basic ingredients. They are named for flowers in which they were first found, such as the scarlet "pelargonidin" from the geranium orPelargonium, the purple "petunidin" from the Petunia, or the blue-violet "delphinidin" from the Delphinium.

Many flowers may not change color on an individual plant, but may change color, even if slightly, among locations or various conditions. Temperature affects color, hence the often more vivid colors in cool northern gardens than hot summer ones. Plant stress such as from drought, insect attack, or plant nutrition (too much or little) can also cause different levels of pigments in flowers, and so different colors.